How much time does it take?
It usually takes 30 minutes to 2 hours. But you may be required to stay in the hospital overnight or even more depending on your heart’s condition.
What are the dos and don’ts before getting the procedure done?
Ask your doctor regarding what all you can eat and drink before the procedure. It is usually advised to not to eat for 8 hours before the procedure. However, you can have clear liquids until 2 hours before the procedure.
Do inform your doctor about all the prescribed and over-the counter medicines that you are currently taking (or have been taking since long). Do not forget to inform him about the allergies (if any) your body has a tendency to develop on being administered with any class of drugs.
What to expect after the procedure?
After the procedure goes successful, a pressure bandage or some sort of sandbag will be placed at the insertion site to prevent bleeding. You will be advised to keep your leg still for few hours after the catheter has been removed. Also, to flush out the dye that was injected during the procedure, you will be required to take plenty of fluids.
You may feel drowsy due to sedatives and may encounter slight pain or soreness at the site of insertion for few hours after the procedure.
What are the risks involved?
As with any other medical procedure, some minor risks are involved in coronary angioplasty too.
1.Bleeding at the site of insertion
2.Damage in blood vessels, if the catheter has been placed carelessly.
3.The dyes used may turn toxic for the kidney.
4.Sometimes, the balloon blocks the blood flow through the heart, instead of widening the arteries. In such cases, patients may feel chest pain and irregular heartbeats during the procedure.
5.The probability of major risks such as heart attack, stroke or death is as low as 3 %, 1% and 2% respectively.
Dr Ashwin Mehta is one of the well known cardiologist to consult in Jaslok Hospital and Research Centre, Mumbai for coronary angioplasty. He has performed over 10,000 angioplasties and supervised more than 50,000 angiographies till date. There is also specialized cardiology department consisting of experienced cardiologist you can consult at Wockhardt Hospital, Mumbai Central.